If you look closely at your young child's face, you might notice pin-prick-sized red dots, especially around the eyes and nose. These tiny dots are known medically as petechiae, and they are caused by the bursting of tiny blood bessels. When they appear, it means that your child has been bleeding into the skin. This may sound serious, but sometimes it is nothing to be concerned about. Here is what you need to know about the spots and when you should begin to worry about them.
Are the spots really petechiae?
Children can contract all sorts of different spots and rashes. Petechiae, unlike other red spots, are not raised above the surface of the skin, and they maintain their color when you put gentle pressure on them. Also, the spots may be more purple or brown in appearance, as opposed to the bright, vivid red of a rash.
What causes the blood vessels to bleed?
Petechiae is always a result of bleeding, but the cause of the bleeding itself is what you should be concerned about. The spots are not harmful to the skin, but the bleeding can indicate an underlying problem that will need to be addressed by a family doctor or pediatrician. Common, harmless causes of burst blood vessels in children are:
All of the above instances of petechiae are not causes for medical concern. But, there are more ominous causes for bleeding into the skin. Some more serious causes include:
If you are concerned about the appearance of petechiae in your child, talk to a pediatrician about possible causes. It is likely that the cause is not serious, but it is always better to make sure. For more information, schedule an appointment at a clinic like Entira Family Clinics.
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